20 de Noviembre Events
Revolution Day in Mexico is marked with parades and civic ceremonies throughout the country. There is a large parade in Mexico City‘s Zocalo, as well as speeches and official ceremonies. San Felipe’s main parade will be on Sunday. In cities and towns throughout Mexico schoolchildren dressed as revolutionaries participate in local parades.
Why November 20?
The revolution began in 1910, initiated by Francisco I. Madero to oust President Porfirio Diaz who had been in power for over 30 years. Francisco Madero was one of many people in Mexico who were tired of Diaz’ authoritarian rule,. Along with his cabinet, Diaz was aging while holding tightly to the reins of the country. Madero formed the Anti-Reelectionist Party and ran against Diaz, but the elections were rigged and Diaz won again. Diaz had Madero jailed in San Luis Potosi. Upon his release, he fled to Texas where he wrote the Plan of San Luis Potosi, which urged the people to rise up in arms against the government in order to re-install democracy in the country.
Outcome of the Mexican Revolution
In 1911, Porfirio Diaz accepted defeat and left office. He departed for Paris where he remained in exile until his death in 1915 at the age of 85. Francisco Madero was elected president in 1911, but he was assassinated just two years later. The fighting of the revolution would continue until 1920, and even beyond that.
The motto of the revolutionaries was “Sufragio Efectivo – No Reelección” which means Effective Suffrage, No Reelection. This motto is still in use in Mexico today, and remains an important feature of the political landscape. Mexican presidents serve for a single six year term and are not eligible for re-election.